Bishop Penalver, First
Most Rev. Doctor Luis Ignacio Maria de
Penalver y Cardenas was born August 3, 1749, in Havana. He was
appointed first Bishop of Louisiana in 1793 but did not come to New
Orleans until July 17, 1795. He took possession of the Parish Church,
which had become the St. Louis Cathedral.
Bishop S.S. DuBourg,
After an interval marked by rebellion
against ecclesiastical authority by the trustees of the St. Louis
Cathedral, the diocese of New Orleans was for the period 1809-1815
under the administration of John Carroll, first Archbishop of
Baltimore. In 1812, Archbishop Carroll sent Louis William Valentine
DuBourg to New Orleans as Apostolic Administrator.
In 1815, on a trip to Rome he was
consecrated second Bishop of New Orleans.
Bishop Rosati, C.M.,
Bishop Joseph Rosati was appointed
Administrator and Coadjutor to the Bishop of New Orleans in 1823.
Bishop de Neckere,
C.M., Third Bishop
Leo Raymond de Neckere, the third Bishop
of New Orleans. He was selected by the Holy See as third Bishop of New
Orleans. He accepted and was consecrated at St. Louis Cathedral on June
He was the first Bishop to be buried in
Fourth Bishop, First Archbishop
Bishop Antoine Blanc, one of the greatest
leaders ever to come to the See of New Orleans, was consecrated fourth
Bishop of New Orleans on November 22, 1835.
Archbishop Blanc was buried in the
sanctuary of the Cathedral on June 22, 1860, the second bishop to be
Archbishop Odin, C.M.,
The second Archbishop of New Orleans was
the Most Rev. Jean Marie Odin.
He was installed at the Cathedral on May
Before Archbishop Odin left from France,
Pope Pius IX named as the Coadjutor Father Napoleon Joseph Perche,
chaplain to the Ursulines. Upon Archbishop Odin' death, Father Perche
automatically became Archbishop of New Orleans, having been consecrated
on May 1, 1870.
He was buried beneath the sanctuary of
the Cathedral with his predecessors, Archbishop Blanc and Bishop de
Francis Xavier Leray was born in
Chateau-Giron in Brittany, France, on April 20,1825, one of 13
Francis Janssens was born October 17,
1843 in Tilbourg, North Brabant, Holland. After seven years at his
postin Natchez, he was called to take over the Archdiocese of New
Orleans and took possession of his See on September 16, 1888.
Archbishop Janssens died suddenly on a sea voyage to New York on June
9, 1897. His remains were brought back to New Orleans where they were
interred under the sanctuary of the Cathedral.
Placide Louis Chapelle was born at Runes,
Lozere, France, on August 28, 1842. On November 27,1897, he was
appointed Archbishiop of New Orleans. Archbishop Chapelle devoted most
of his time to his foreign duties and it was riot until 1905 that,
realizing the need for a canonical visitation, he set out on official
visits in his parishes in Louisiana. The Archbishop fell ill on this
trip but continued his journey until he heard that a yellow fever
epidemic had broken out in New Orleans. Leaving Lake Charles, he
journeyed by train to New Orleans in an exhausted condition. A few days
after his arrival, he contracted the dread yellow fever and on August
9, 1905, he succumbed. Because of the prevalence of the epidemic, the
Archbishop was buried with little of the usual ceremonies in the
sanctuary vaults of the Cathedral.
Archbishop Blenk, S.M.,
James Hubert Blenk was born in Neustadt,
Bavaria on August 6,1856, of Protestant parents. They moved to New
Orleans when he was a child and while he was still a small boy he found
joy in attending St. Mary's Assumption and St. Alphonsus churches.
After the death of Archbishop Chapelle he was notified of his
elevation to the Archdiocese of New Orleans and he returned to the city
on July 1, 1906. Archbishop Blenk died of a heart attack on April 20,
1917. His funeral cortege was three miles long and more than 30,000
people marched from St. Joseph's Church, where his body had lain in
state (because the Cathedral was closed for repairs), to the latter
building, where his remains were interred in the vaults under the
Archbishop Shaw, Eighth
John William Shaw, the first native
American to become Archbishop of New Orleans, was born in Mobile,
Alabama on December 12, 1863. He was chosen by the Holy See to be
Archbishop of New Orleans and on December 8, 1918,in the refurbished
St. Louis Cathedral the pallium was conferred upon him in a splendid
ceremony. Archbishop Shaw's 16 years in office saw great growth in his
diocese. Thirty-three new parishes were established and more than a
score of new churches, many of them of substantial construction, were
Archbishop Shaw died of a heart attack on
November 2,1934, at the age of 71. The interment was in the Cathedral
sanctuary where he was the seventh Ordinary of New Orleans to be so
Joseph Francis Rummel was born in Baden,
Germany, on October 14 1876, but came with his parents to the United
States when a young child. On May 15,1935 he took possession of his
See. He created many new parishes, enlarged seminaries and developed
religious, educational and charitable institutions.
Archbishop Rummel passed away on November
9, 1964 at the age of 88. His remains, after solemn services at the
Cathedral, were entombed under the sanctuary, the eighth Ordinary to
lie in this hallowed spot.
Archbishop Cody, Tenth
John Patrick Cody was born in St Louis,
Missouri, December 24, 1907. In August, 1961, Bishop Cody became
Coadjutor Archbishop of New Or leans with right of succession. On June
16, 1965, Archbishop Cody was named to succeed the late Albert Cardinal
Meyer as Archbishop of Chicago. In 1967 he was elevated to the College
of Cardinals. Cardinal Cody celebrated the Golden Jubilee of his
ordination in 1981 and died in April 1982 in Chicago.
Philip Matthew Hannan was born in
Washington, D.C., May 30,1913. He attended St. Charles College in
Catonsville, Maryland, the Sulpician Seminary and Catholic University
of America in Washington, D.C., where he received a Masters degree
before going to the North American College in Rome in 1936. He holds a
licentiate in theology from the Gregorian University in Rome and a
doctorate in Canon Law from the Catholic University of America.
He was ordained in Rome on December 8,
1939 and served for two years as an assistant at St. Thomas Aquinas
Church in Baltimore. In 1942, he volunteered as a wartime paratroop
chaplain and served in a parachute regiment, where he was known as "The
Following the war, he established the Catholic
Standard newspaper in Washington and served as editor-in-chief. He
was named chancellor of the Archdiocese in 1951 and Pope Pius XII
honored Father Hannan in 1952 by naming him a Monsignor. On June
16,1956 he was named Auxiliary Bishop of Washington and was consecrated
in St. Matthew Cathedral on August 28. --Bishop Hannan attended the
second and third sessions of the Second Vatican Council in Rome where
he addressed the council fathers on "The Role of the Laity" and
On September 29,1965, Bishop Hannan was
named Eleventh Archbishop of New Orleans. He was installed October 12
in St. Louis Cathedral by Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi, Apostolic
Delegate in the United States.
Archbishop Hannan instituted a Social
Apostolate program in 1966 which has grown to the point where it now
provides over 20 million pounds of free food each year to 42,000 needy
women, children and elderly. He revitalized Catholic Charities which
soon became the largest non-governmental social service agency in the
metropolitan area. And his housing for the elderly program - the
largest and most respected of any diocese in the nation - accommodates
over 5,000 residents in 24 developments. Together, these three
charitable programs represent $60 million in services annually to the
Archbishop Hannan worked to keep
inner-city schools open, affording a Catholic education to children
from disadvantaged families. Under his leadership a model Permanent
Diaconate program was established and 37 new parishes created.
Archbishop Hannan received numerous civic
honors including the most prestigious award presented to a New Orleans
civic leader, The Times-Picayune Loving Cup. In 1987, Catholic
University honored him by naming its new science center Hannan Hall and
conferring upon him the honorary Doctor of Laws Degree. He also holds
an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Georgetown University.
On September 11,1987, Archbishop Hannan
welcomed Pope John Paul II to New Orleans and to the Cathedral during
the pontiff's second pilgrimage to America. In May of the following
year, upon reaching his 75th birthday, Archbishop Hannan submitted his
resignation. He continues to reside in New Orleans in very active
retirement, ministering to the people and assisting the new archbishop.
Schulte, Twelfth Archbishop
Francis Bible Schulte was born in Philadelphia on
December 23, 1927. He attended Norwood Academy and St. Joseph's
Preparatory School before completing his studies for the priesthood at
St. Charles Seminary in Overbrook. He also holds a master's degree in
political science from the University of Pennsylvania and has pursued
post-graduate studies at the Advanced Administrative Institute of the
Harvard University Graduate School of Education. Following his
ordination to the priesthood on May 10, 1952, he was a faculty member
and department head of Philadelphia area
Catholic schools. For the next 20 years he served first as assistant
superintendent (1960-70) and then as superintendent (1970-80) of
Philadelphia archdiocesan schools, the second largest Catholic school
system in the nation with over 300 institutions
and nearly 200,000 students. During his tenure as assistant
superintendent, he was named by Pope Paul VI as a Papal Chamberlain
with the title of Reverend Monsignor.
In 1980 he was named pastor of St.
Margaret Church in Narberth, Pennsylvania, and on August 12, 1981, was
elevated to the episcopacy, becoming Auxiliary Bishop of Philadelphia
and Vicar General of the Archdiocese.
In June of 1985, he was named sixth
bishop of Wheeling-Charleston a diocese which covered the entire state
of West Virginia. He was installed on July 31 of that year but his
tenure was to be brief. On December 13,1988, it was announced that Pope
John Paul II had promoted Bishop Schulte to the Metropolitan See of New
Orleans as Twelfth Archbishop. He was installed in the St. Louis
Cathedral on February 14,1989, in the presence of four cardinals, 14
archbishops and 59 bishops, the largest gathering of the episcopacy in
the history of the Catholic Church in New Orleans.
Archbishop Schulte has served as a member
of the Board of Trustees of the Catholic University of America and on
the Board of Directors of Catholic Relief Services. At the time of his
appointment to New Orleans he was a member of the United States
Catholic Conference Administrative Board and chairman of its Committee
on Education. He is a former member of the Communications Committee and
the Personnel and Administration Committee of the U.S. Catholic
Conference and was a member of the Vatican Visitation Committee to
American Seminaries. He has also served as chairman of the Committee of
Bishops and Catholic College and University Presidents.
Seven institutions of higher learning,
including LaSalle College and Villanova University, have conferred
honorary degrees on Archbishop Schulte in recognition of his
contributions to education and to the church.
Hughes, Thirteenth Archbishop
Most Reverend Alfred Clifton Hughes became the 13th Archbishop of New
Orleans on January 3, 2002, when Pope John Paul II accepted the
retirement of Archbishop Francis Bible Schulte, who turned 75 on
December 23, 2001.
Archbishop Hughes had served as Coadjutor Archbishop of New Orleans
since February 16, 2001. Since arriving full time in the
Archdiocese of New Orleans last May, Archbishop Hughes has visited 90
of the archdiocese's 142 parishes in a concerted effort to learn more
about the nearly half-million Catholics now entrusted to his pastoral
"The announcement of our Holy Father Pope John Paul II that he has
accepted the retirement of Archbishop Francis Schulte ushers the
Archdiocese of New Orleans into a new era," Archbishop Hughes
said. "I now embrace the awesome responsibility God has entrusted
to me through our Holy Father. I thank him for his trust and ask
you for your prayer that I may do what God wants me to do and serve in
the way he wants me to serve."
Archbishop Hughes, who said he would try to emphasize evangelization
during his tenure as archbishop, praised Archbishop Schulte for his
nearly 13 years of ministry that began when he was installed as the
12th Archbishop of New Orleans on February 14, 1989.
A native of West Roxbury, Mass., outside of Boston, Archbishop Hughes
was welcomed to the Archdiocese of New Orleans on Mary 2, 2001, with a
special Mass of Welcome at St. Louis Cathedral.
Archbishop Hughes served as the fourth Bishop of Baton Rouge from 1993
- to 2001. Archbishop Schulte called Archbishop Hughes "an
outstanding theologian and one of the most respected members of the
American hierarchy." Archbishop Hughes served as rector of St.
John's Seminary in Brighton, Mass., from 1981 to 1986 after
having served as a faculty member, spiritual director and lecturer
there since 1962.
He was vicar general and vicar of administration of the Archdiocese of
Boston under Cardinal Bernard Law from 1990 until he was appointed
Bishop of Baton Rouge in 1993.
After attending St. John's Seminary College, where he earned a
bachelor's degree in philosophy in 1954, he completed his seminary
studies in 1958 at the Gregorian University in Rome. He was
ordained a priest in Rome on December 15, 1957 and after two parish
assignments, returned to the Gregorian for a doctoral degree in
spiritual theology from 1959-1961. He joined the faculty at St.
John's Seminary in 1962.
Archbishop Hughes is a member of numerous U.S. bishops
committees, including the committee to oversee the use of the Catechism
of the Catholic Church.
Archbishop Hughes was born December 2, 1932, the third of four children
to Alfred C. and Ellen (Hennessey) Hughes Sr., who are both
deceased. He has two sisters, Dorothy (Mrs. John) Callahan and
Marie (Mrs. Alexander) Morgan, and a young brother, Jesuit Father
Archbishop Gregory Michael Aymond,
As the 14th Archbishop of New Orleans,
Gregory Michael Aymond holds the unique distinction of being the first
Orleans native to serve as Archbishop of New Orleans in the 216-year
the local church.
Archbishop Aymond has served since 2000 as Bishop of Austin, Texas.
He was born in Gentilly on November 12, 1949. After attending St. James
Elementary School and Cor Jesu High School, he went to St. Joseph
College in St. Benedict, La., where he graduated in 1971. He earned a
degree in divinity from Notre Dame Seminary in New Orleans in 1975 and
ordained as a priest of the New Orleans Archdiocese the same year.
From 1973 to 1981, he was a professor, business administrator and then
of St. John Vianney Preparatory Seminary in New Orleans. From 1981 to
was professor of pastoral theology and homiletics and director of
Notre Dame Seminary.
The bishop served as president-rector of Notre Dame Seminary from 1986
the end of the 1999-2000 academic year, longer than any rector in the
seminary's history. He also was a member of the seminary faculty for 18
During his tenure, Notre Dame Seminary grew to become the third-largest
seminary in the country.
Bishop Aymond also served as the executive director of the archdiocesan
Department of Christian Formation, with responsibility for Catholic
religious education, and as the archdiocesan director of the Society
Propagation of the Faith.
He made mission work a strong emphasis of his ministry. In the 1980s,
Aymond and groups of Notre Dame seminarians began to visit Sotuto,
where they built housing and offered religious training.
In 1994, he began a medical mission program in Nicaragua called 'Christ
Healer,' taking volunteer teams of health care professionals to the
Granada to offer medical help at San Juan de Dios Hospital.
Archbishop Aymond was ordained an auxiliary bishop of New Orleans in
became coadjutor bishop of Austin in 2000, succeeding to head the
Archbishop Aymond has served as chairman of the U.S. bishops' Committee
Protection of Children and Young People. He also was chairman of the
Directors of the National Catholic Educational Association from
He currently serves as a member of the U.S. bishops' Committee on
Marriage, Family Life and Youth and the Committee on Clergy,
Under his tenure, the Diocese of Austin experienced unprecedented
including a threefold increase in the number of seminarians. He
Institute for Spiritual Direction, opened San Juan Diego Catholic High
for students from low-income families, opened St. Dominic Savio
School and initiated a distance learning program with St. Mary's
San Antonio that allows lay people in the Austin Diocese to obtain
degrees in theology.
Archbishop Aymond succeeds Archbishop Alfred Clifton Hughes, 76, who
as archbishop of New Orleans since 2002 and has led local Catholics
challenging aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
The Archdiocese of New Orleans now has three retired archbishops:
Hughes; Archbishop Francis Bible Schulte, 83, who served 1989-2002; and
Archbishop Philip Matthew Hannan, 96, who served 1965-88. The
New Orleans has a population of 1.08 million people, with about
387,000, or 36
percent, of them Catholic.